Because of coronavirus pandemic immigrants and their families affected disproportionately all over the world. And their sufferings regarding health and integration are more likely to continue now also. However, the policymakers are now looking into the Express Entry Visa system to find a better solution.
Lately, a policy summary on how the immigrants with their families affected by the covid-19 pandemic in terms of health, education, jobs, training language and many more, has been published. The effect of the public’s opinions looked at by OECD, along with that; the description of host countries given by public responses.
In short, this survey tells us how this pandemic has affected the management of migration, accompanied by OECD International Migration Outlook 2020. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), concentrates on building policies that will foster prosperity along with equal opportunities to all. It is like an intergovernmental organisation that has 37 countries as members including Canada.
Express Entry Visa – Major findings by OECD
The immigrants in these OECD countries are suffering from the effects of pandemic more as compared to the native residents. This suffering is even twice in some countries. This is because the immigrants are to poverty; they live in overcrowded houses, work where social distancing is difficult. The mortality rate of the immigrants can also be significant, crossing those of native residents.
The immigrants are in a difficult and vulnerable position in the labour market because of the lower stable employment and less seniority in jobs. According to the study, there is a lot of discrimination during the times of slack labour market. Due to this, you need to have good contacts to get a job there. But the immigrants rarely have any networks there.
In the sectors where the pandemic has hit very hard, their immigrants are strongly over-represented. Due to which the labour market of immigrants impacted negatively. Like, in the industry of hard-hit hospitality, one-fourth of the workers are the immigrants. This shows their double share in total employment.
Still, it is early to gauge the effects of a pandemic on the labour market, especially in the countries of European OECD having job retention schemes. In the countries of Norway, Ireland, Sweden and the U.S. the impact shows a negative toll.
Children are Suffering
Immigrant’s children are facing difficulty due to distance learning and closed schools. Their parents are also having fewer resources as compared to the natives, which is why they are not able to help their kids with the homework. In the study of OECD 40 per cent of children don’t speak the host country’s language in their home. And these children more likely to restrict from access to computers and internet connections, and even quiet places to study.
Now, more adults are taking language classes through the internet due to pandemic. The early-stage language learning adults face difficulty in language learning and as well as in wider social integration.
With the growing unemployment conditions and the outbreak of the virus, the public most likely will not be happy regarding immigration. Many communications campaigns are trying to clarify the misconception that immigrants are the cause of the spread of coronavirus.
Recommendations of OECD for policymakers
To prevent the pandemic from turning into an integration crisis, OECD has given these nine suggestions to the policymakers:
- For better understanding and appropriate responses by policies, it is good to monitor the situation of the immigrants and their families regarding health, education, employment.
- Ensure that the immigrants are having access to the testing and treatment of coronavirus, for alleviating the disproportionate impact of the virus on the immigrants. These needs get out stepped in some countries. In the countries where testing is still limited to the barriers of legal and financial access should be removed.
- Also, see that the housings of the immigrants are having good sanitation to stop the spread of the virus. Especially for asylum seekers and seasonal workers, where there are collective migrants. Also, for those who are working in specific working environments like that in meat processing.
- Raise awareness among them about discrimination and apply anti-discrimination norms, to decrease difficulties of the immigrant workers and their children.
- Also, ensure that these support measures taken for the immigrants reach all the staff workers and the self-employed workers as well. This must include information and outreach too, not only formal access.
- Also, look that the contributions by the immigrants for the host-country should get reward, not just overlooked.
- Give more flexibility during taking measures like in language learning where there is particular participation or some results are obligatory.
- State the specific difficulties of the children in online learning. This should factor as because of the closure of schools and appropriate measures.
- Apart from integration measures, immigrants can communicate with natives. OECD calls the online tutorial an “interesting initiative” in Germany, which was due to the closure of the schools.
Impact on Migrants
OECD report says that this integration is an investment, and this is presently more important to know. It should be kept in mind that due to the lack of investments now, the impact on the migrants will be negative later.
As the growing population also consists of the immigrants and their children, so the gaps and unequal opportunities of them is a threat to social cohesion until any appropriate measures are taken.Contact Reliable Immigration Agents