From the last half-century, Canada has built a reputation for welcoming and valuing multiculturalism. However, Canada’s overall population consists of around one-fifth of foreign-born people. Many of these people have entered Canada through the Express Entry Visa Canada stream.
Moreover, Immigrants have helped Canada a lot to accelerate their economic growth. During recent years, Canada has become an attractive destination for immigrants. However, it happened due to the United States’ new policies. President Donald J. Trump has cut many American immigration programs, including a program for refugees, temporary workers, and asylum seekers.
Role of Immigration in Canada
As in the United States, immigration has mainly shaped Canadian culture and society. After its independence in 1867 from the United Kingdom, Canada started immigration to help develop vast land tracts. However, Government-sponsored recruiters and information campaigns to encourage immigrants during that era to settle in Canada’s frontier and rural eras.
But not all immigrants were welcome to Canada. During the 19’s and early 20’s, immigration policies of Canada discouraged or prevented immigration for selected groups. These groups included certain people of non-Christian and non-European backgrounds; however, poor, ill, and disabled were also not allowed.
Canada changed its immigration process during the postwar time as refugees and others started shifting to Europe. The attitude of the public softened toward outsiders, and economic growth needed a larger workforce. However, Cold War tensions also influenced Canada’s policy, with preferences established for Soviet-bloc and anti-Communist immigrants.
Immigration has played a significant role in developing the Canadian economy, as well as the young stream of workers. However, immigrants have become increasingly important because the native-born labor force ages, and the fertility rate decreases, at roughly 1.5 births per woman.
Moreover, Canada is still suffering from a shortage of skilled workers despite its attempts to attract immigrants through Express Entry Visa Canada. Today, immigrants make nearly one-quarter of Canadian workers.
How do Canadians View Immigration?
The Canadian public supported immigration for decades. In a 2019 poll, only one-third of the population said that immigration levels were too high. Generally, Canadians view immigrants and immigration systems more positively than their counterparts living in the United States.
This is partly due to the Canadian Government’s efforts to promote and embrace a policy for multiculturalism and make diversity part of the national identity. Canada has excellent support from its public for immigration policies.
How to Apply for Express Entry Visa Canada?
In case you are willing to immigrate to Canada from Dubai, you surely need a Best Canada Immigration Agency in Dubai. A professional can be helpful for you to complete your Canadian Express Visa Requirements. Getting help from a professional consultancy agency will be helpful for you to make the process easier.
You can move to Canada through various streams. Some of the popular streams include Canadian Student Visa, Canada Family Visa, Canada Province Nomination Program, Canada Start-up Visa, Express Entry Visa Canada, LMIA Work Permit in Canada, and more.
Study by the Canadian Government
Statistics Canada conducted a study about the refugees how have migrated to Canada in 2003. The principle of this study was to compare and contrast four different categories of refugees. This study analyzed how each batch of refugees fared in getting jobs. It also examined how many refugees required social assistance.
This study also includes the analysis of refugees who came to Canada via the Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program who are selected overseas as government-assisted refugees. It also includes refugees who came via privately sponsored programs.
Moreover, refugees who claimed to settle in Canada should go through the In-Canada Asylum Program. Refugee claimant is a term used for a person who has applied for a refugee claim but has not received legal status from the Canadian government.
IRCC offers open work permits for the claimants to enable them to work while waiting for their decision regarding the claim. Those who arrived in Canada from abroad get access to federally-funded settlement services before they arrive in-country. However, they can also avail themselves of these services immediately upon landing.
Researchers conducted this study by comparing refugees who became permanent residents with government-assisted programs. It also included refugees from privately sponsored programs as well as claimants who were unable to get permanent residency during the period of study. The committee collected this data through taxation and landing records.
Privately Sponsored Refugees and Claimants who Received PR Got More Employment Opportunities
Privately sponsored refugees show the highest employment rates. According to the study, they got a job during the first five years after landing or making a claim. The possible reason for this can be partly because of their sponsorship network. However, other factors may include their language abilities.
After four years, refugee claimants who received their permanent residence status reached near equality with privately sponsored refugees. However, they showed the highest employment rates after six years.
The refugees who migrated through government-assisted programs have shown a gradual increase in their income within the first four to five years. They ultimately settle at 72.4% 13 years after landing. Those refugees who didn’t receive their PR showed a rate of about 50% increase in income throughout the period.
Privately Sponsored Refugees Showed Highest Income
According to the study, the refugees who got a job in Canada, the privately sponsored refugees showed the highest income. However, those who didn’t get their PR showed a little increase in their income.
Privately sponsored refugees are the top earners during these 13 years. It also includes the refugees who received PR. This group of refugees showed an average income of around $35,000 after 11 years.
However, the refugees assisted by the government started as the lowest earners. Such refugees were also able to show a gradual increase in their income after four years. However, non-permanent residents are still the lowest earners.
Rates of Social Assistance Decline
Talking about the rates of social assistance, the government-assisted refugees showed higher rates of social assistance. However, the privately sponsored permanent residents showed a lower rate of social assistance.
Sponsors should agree to offer the care, support, and lodging settlement assistance to refugees for the sponsorship period. The sponsorship period is typically one year long. After a year, the rate of social assistance increase to 24.1% from 18.4%. However, after five years, privately sponsored refugees faced social assistance dip below the first year’s rate.
According to the comparison, the high social assistance rates for government-assisted refugees drops dramatically after the first year. Their social assistance rate dropped from 91.6% to 60.5% in the second year.
The Refugee Assistance Program can be a significant cause of this decrease. It is a social assistance program by the government that provides income support for new refugees in order to cover their expenses for the first year in Canada. This group regularly received the highest rates of social assistance than the other four groups of refugees. In 2013, about 27.2% of government-assisted refugees asked for social assistance. However, those how collected the social assistance showed the average income per family member between 4,000 and 6,000 after 13 years.