Canadian Immigration is popular worldwide among immigrants who want to work and live in Canada. Every year, thousands of immigrants move to Canada to start a new life in Canada. Immigration plays a vital role in the Canadian economy.
COVID-19 disturbed Canadian Immigration and its economy. Immigrants play an important part to fulfill the labor market needs of Canada. Therefore, Canada relies a lot on its immigration programs.
Many immigrants lost their jobs due to coronavirus, and they were not able to support themselves financially. However, according to the survey, immigrants were unable to support themselves due to the coronavirus outbreak.
Immigrants have been extremely affected due to the pandemic. However, the pandemic has affected the whole world, not only Canada. According to Statistics Canada, migrants are overrepresented in essential services and industries hit hardest by coronavirus prevention measures.
A survey presented by World Education Services (WES), an organization that provides educational assessments. This survey was about the economic well-being of recent migrants to Canada. There was a total of 7,496 responses recorded in three surveys conducted. However, the organization conducted the surveys in April, June, and August 2020.
Findings by the Survey
According to the survey findings, many newcomers have lost their income and are unable to meet their basic needs. However, 14% of them lost their jobs due to COVID-19, and 13% of them are working on reduced hours.
Moreover, 17% of them temporarily lost their primary source of income; another 6% lost their jobs permanently. However, one in five is facing troubles in affording the expenses for housing. When we look at just international students, it becomes one in three.
However, one out of 10 is facing difficulty in affording essentials like medicine and groceries. Half of the people who lost their jobs or income did not benefit from the Canada Emergency Response Benefits (CERB).
CERB came into being to address the urgent economic needs of people who are facing issues due to the pandemic. However, about 48% received Employment Insurance or CERB, and the rest of them did not. Most of them who received benefits were permanent residents.
However, according to the survey, many immigrants are not accessing settlement or employment help from social services agencies. Many temporary workers and PR holders are showing no interest in contacting these services.
Moreover, nearly half of the temporary workers and international students don’t think they are eligible for these services. About 19% of PR holders have contacted the agency to aid themselves. Moreover, about 12% are showing interest in contacting the agencies, but they don’t know how to do it.
The report results highlight three major actions that will help improve the economic recovery prospects for new migrants. The government can start more pathways for temporary workers to get Canadian PR.
Temporary workers are at greater risk due to their status. However, their temporary status does not provide them with legal protection by the country. They are also ineligible to get economic supports.
Moreover, the global pandemic has also drawn attention to the needs of settlement and employment service involvements. These involvements are important for international students and temporary workers.
These become very important due to the transition of more temporary residents to permanent residence. However, the survey also shows that all classes of migrants need to be more aware of their eligibility and how to access them.
Finally, the reports address the need for policy interventions aimed to address systematic issues. These are the issues that caused migrants to be excessively affected by the pandemic.